Home Religion Muharram, beginning of the Islamic New Year Holiest Month after Ramzan

Muharram, beginning of the Islamic New Year Holiest Month after Ramzan

Islamic New Year 2021: Muharram, the Islamic year expected to begin on August 10 is regarded as the holiest month after Ramzan.

The Islamic year is expected to begin on August 10. Again, since it depends on the sighting of the moon, it has 12 months. However, the number of days is either 354 or 355, 11 days less than those in the Gregorian calendar. T

The Islamic year is expected to begin on August 10. Again, since it depends on the sighting of the moon, authorities in several West Asian countries will announce the beginning of the new year. It’s going to be called Hijri 1443 AH — Anno Hegirae in Latin or the year of the Hijra — which means it has been 1,443 years since Prophet Mohammad was forced to migrate from Mecca to Medina.  The Hijri calendar concludes with the month of Dhul al-Hijjah.

Muharram is also known as Muharram-ul-Haram — considered the second holiest month after Ramzan, is the first month of the Islamic Year or the Hijri calendar. Prophet Mohammad, God’s messenger, who Muslims believe was the last prophet sent to mankind, has referred to the month of Muharram ‘the Sacred Month of Allah’ and hence a highly blessed one.

Historical Background

In 622 AD, the Islamic new year or the Hijri calendar started when Prophet Mohammad and his companions were forced to flee from Mecca and migrate to Medina. Before he was forced out, Prophet Mohammad and his companions were also barred from spreading the message of Islam in Mecca and faced persecution. It’s been 1,443 years since that event. He returned to the city following the conquest of Mecca in 629 AD.

Even though many countries declare a public holiday to mark the beginning of the Islamic calendar, no celebrations are held anywhere. The biggest misconception about the month of Muharram is that many believe it to be a month of celebration when it’s exactly the opposite. The month is of particular importance to the Shia Muslims, a sect of Islam other than Sunnis.

Of note, Imam Hussain, the son of Hazrat Ali and the grandson of Prophet Mohammad was martyred in the Battle of Karbala on the 10th day of Muharram in 680 AD. The day is known as Ashura, and Shia Muslims mourn Imam Hussain’s martyrdom for the first 10 days of the holy month.

ʿĀshūrāʾ, Muslim holy day observed on the 10th of Muḥarram, the first month of the Muslim calendar (Gregorian date variable). The term is derived from the Arabic word for the number ten. The word Muḥarram itself derives from the Arabic root ḥ-r-m, one of whose meanings is “forbidden” (ḥarām). Traditionally, Muḥarram was one of the four sacred months when fighting was not allowed.

Fasting on ʿĀshūrāʾ was the norm in early Islamic society, and the Prophet Muhammad himself fasted on this day. Later in his life, however, Muhammad received a revelation that caused him to make adjustments in the Islamic calendar. With these, Ramadan, the ninth month, became the month of fasting, and the obligation to fast on ʿĀshūrāʾ was dropped.

Ashura is the day of celebration but coincidentally Hussain was martyred on that day thus celebration was dropped and is observed as a day of mourning.

 

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